IT Infrastructure IT’s Who is Who Job Descriptions Tips & Tricks

IT infrastructure: components, job profile, and best practices

In this article, we describe the components of the IT infrastructure, their functions and job profiles.

IT infrastructure consists of hardware, software, and network, i.e. the components necessary to run and manage corporate IT environments.

IT infrastructure can be deployed within a cloud computing system or within the structure of an organization itself.

In addition to hardware, software, and networking, there is the operating system and data storage.

Also, IT infrastructure products may be available as software applications or as online solutions offered by service providers.

Why IT infrastructure matters

IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

In the IT infrastructure, the above-mentioned technology components both contribute to and drive business functions.

With the modern rapidly changing pace of technology and the competitive nature of business, IT leaders must ensure that their IT infrastructure is well designed to make changes quickly without impacting business continuity.

Therefore, properly networked, optimizing technology can improve communication, increase efficiency and boost productivity.

That is to say, a flexible, reliable, and secure IT infrastructure can help a company achieve its goals and provide a competitive advantage in the marketplace. Conversely, an improperly implemented IT infrastructure leads to connectivity, productivity and security issues, such as outages and system breaches.

Thus, a properly implemented infrastructure can be a key factor in a company’s profitability.

But, what are the benefits of the IT infrastructure components, their functions and the IT infrastructure job profiles?

Benefits of an IT infrastructure

IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

Above all, a proper implemented IT infrastructure, allows a company to:

  • Provide a positive customer experience by ensuring uninterrupted access to its website.
  • Develop fats solutions on the market.
  • Collect real-time data to make quick decisions.
  • Improve employee productivity.

IT infrastructure job profile: VoIP engineer.

VoIP (Voice Over Internet Protocol) is a technology that allows the transmission of voice over compatible IP networks. For example, it is the technology used by the communication service Skype that enables millions of people to make calls through WhatsApp every day.

Accordingly, the role of a VoIP engineer is to manage the implementation within the organization.

Discover more about the role of a VoIP engineer.

How do the components of the IT infrastructure work?

To start, the components of the IT infrastructure consist of interdependent elements. Hardware and software represent the two main component groups of IT infrastructure. The two are complementary of each other. Hardware uses software, for example, an operating system, to function.

Likewise, an operating system manages hardware and system resources. Operating systems also establish connections between software applications and physical resources, using network components.

To continue, let’s see more in detail what are the components of the IT infrastructure.

IT infrastructure components: Hardware

Hardware components include:

  • Desktop computers
  • Servers
  • Data centers
  • Hubs
  • Routers
  • Switches
  • Facilities

IT infrastructure components: Software

Software components include:

  • CMS (Content management systems)
  • CRM (Customer Relationship Management)
  • ERP (Enterprise resource planning)
  • Operating systems
  • Web servers

IT infrastructure components: Facilities

Facilities or physical equipment provide the room for servers, data centers, and network hardware. They also include network cabling in offices to connect the various components of an IT infrastructure.

IT infrastructure components: Networks

The interconnection between network components enables network operations, management, and communication between internal and external systems.

The Internet connection, activation tools, firewall, and security, as well as the hardware, i.e. routers, switches, and cables, are essential for the operation of a network.

IT infrastructure job profile: Cisco Network Engineer.

Nearly half of all companies today use Cisco solutions. Cisco Systems, or Cisco, is an American IT company specializing in the manufacture and sale of network equipment (routers, Ethernet switches as well as servers, etc.).

But, what is the role of the Cisco Network Engineer? Read our Cisco Network Engineer job description, to learn about their missions, skills, and salary of these professionals.

How many types of IT infrastructure are there?

Traditional IT infrastructure

Traditional IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

To start, the components (the data center, data storage, hardware, and servers) of the traditional IT infrastructure, are managed completely in-house.

Moreover, a traditional IT infrastructure consists of the usual hardware and software components: facilities, data centers, network hardware desktop computers, and enterprise application software solutions. Generally, this infrastructure configuration requires more energy, physical space, and budget than other types of infrastructure. Traditional infrastructure is commonly installed on site for exclusive corporate or private use.

IT infrastructure job profile: Linux Systems Engineer.

As large companies are nowadays operating more and more computers with Linux, the function of Linux system engineers is on the rise.
The Linux System Engineer is an essential link within companies that ensures the proper functioning of a Linux network. The engineer also helps coordinate the IT team, optimizes network operations, and ensures communication between the various computer systems.

Discover more about the Linux Systems Engineers skills and expertise.

Cloud IT infrastructure

Cloud IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

To go on, as the name itself suggests, cloud computing IT infrastructure refers to the components and resources required for cloud computing.

End users can, therefore, access the infrastructure via the internet, with the possibility of using computing resources without on-site installation, through virtualization.

To explain, virtualization links physical servers managed by a service provider in one or more geographical locations. It then classifies and abstracts resources, such as storage, to make them accessible to users virtually anywhere there is an internet connection.

It is also possible to create a private cloud using dedicated resources, or a public cloud by ‘renting’ the cloud infrastructure from a cloud provider.

Since cloud infrastructure is often public, it is usually referred to as a public cloud.

In addition, by integrating portability, orchestration, and workload management across multiple clouds at various levels, it is also possible to create a hybrid cloud.

Hyperconverged IT infrastructure

Hyperconverged IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

At last, a hyper-converged IT infrastructure enables managing from a single interface computing, networking, and storage resources.

Moreover, software processing together with data storage allows managing the most innovative workloads with scalable architectures on industry-standard hardware.

IT infrastructure job profile: SRE Engimeer.

As more organizations are embracing cloud computing and the demand for digital services increases, site reliability engineering (SRE) practices have become imperative. These practices help organizations meet service level agreements (SLAs) for availability, performance, user experience, and business KPIs

Discover more about the Site Reliability Engineer (SRE) functions.

IT infrastructure components and job profiles: best practices

IT infrastructure, components and professions profiles

After having discussed about IT infrastructure components, their functions and some of the IT infrastructure job profiles, it is time to talk about best practices.

To clarify, for good and effective IT infrastructure management, it is essential to follow some basic best practices. That is to say, these practices ensure a comprehensive view of all aspects to consider for the successful management of the IT infrastructure.

  • Gathering knowledge
  • Creating standards built on that knowledge
  • Implementing standards with consistency
  • Maintaining consistency during change management
  • Documenting heavily

Gathering knowledge

First of all, relevance and authority are the two keywords to keep in mind when gathering knowledge. Too little information can lead to missing critical configurations, while too much information can cripple you, balance is the answer.

At this stage, it is crucial to choose where to focus with the organization’s needs in mind. Therefore, the more relevant the better, so as not to waste time with useless and endless documents. And to make sure you gather the right information, check the sources.

Creating standards built on that knowledge

Once you define the organization’s needs and gather all the information you need to implement configurations, make them standards. But never forget to update these standards as the organization evolves over the years. Examples of this best practice are increasing security standards, keep clarifying the configurations, upgrading older commands, etc.

IT infrastructure job profile: SOC Analyst.

The role of the SOC (Security Operation Centre) analyst is to monitor a company’s computer systems. He or she must detect all suspicious and malicious activities on computer networks, whether they come from inside or outside.

SOC Analyst: the job

Implementing standards with consistency

Certainly, having clean and consistent configurations is extremely important for an engineer. With systems such as the Cisco CLI, for example, it can take some time to understand the intentions of the code. Thus, the labeling of things, the use of observations when necessary, and the use of descriptions with relevant information facilitate the work of technicians during problem-solving. By switching from one device to another and all having the same descriptions and the same names, one feels more natural and things make sense.

Maintaining consistency during change management

Change management processes can sometimes seem overwhelming to IT staff, but they can be very useful when used for peer review of the proposed configuration, implementation on applicable devices, and updating documentation to ensure that the work is done from top to bottom.

Therefore, maintaining consistency in changing times is key to facilitating the transaction and ensuring that the work is done without the loss of essential organizational information.

Documenting heavily

It is somehow common that documentation is an aspect in which internal IT departments are usually somewhat deficient. Even if it feels like you are writing the documentation all for yourself, as no one will ever read it, your documentation is actually your business card. Though, it is important that it is clear and easy to understand.

To sum up, the purpose of the IT infrastructure is to make business possible and this is best done with components that are configured, managed, and maintained cleanly and consistently, following best practices honed with experience and documented clearly and comprehensively.

IT infrastructure job profile: RPA Consultant.

A rapidly expanding technology, RPA (Robotic Process Automation) promotes increased productivity through the automation of business processes. The key: eliminating tedious tasks, streamlining operations, and reducing costs.

In this job description, you will discover the RPA Consultant’s missions, salary, and skills. A highly sought-after profile in today’s working world, especially in digital service companies.

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Club-Freelance became Mindquest: the reason behind this choice

On May 16, Club-Freelance officially became Mindquest. In this article we tell you the reason behind this choice.

What prompted Club-Freelance to become Mindquest? Read the article to discover its values, mission and ambitions.

Club-Freelance became Mindquest

Club-Freelance: the heart of Mindquest

Club-Freelance: the heart of Mindquest

In 2014, Thomas Delfort, former CIO of large multinational companies, and Manuela Garampon, an expert in recruiting IT profiles, teamed up to create Club Freelance.

Manuela and Thomas’ goal was to help companies cover all their technology staffing needs through comprehensive freelance recruiting services.

Thomas Delfort Mindquest CEO Manuela Garampon Mindquest COO

Since then, Club-Freelance has grown rapidly.

During 2017, they opened a Sourcing Hub in Spain, bringing the number of its locations to three: London, Paris and Barcelona.

From the Barcelona office a sourcing team specialized in IT careers and offerings helps clients and consultants to meet and exceed their IT goals.

Mindquest: the answer to the ever-changing IT and technology world

Mindquest: the answer to the ever-changing IT and technology world

Technology is reshaping not only the way we live and communicate with each other, but also the way we work. Therefore, the skills and resources that IT professionals need to succeed in their careers and those that companies need to succeed in their IT projects are constantly evolving.

In addition, the ways in which companies and teams operate are changing dramatically, even more so since the beginning of the pandemic. And this is just the beginning.

The classic relationships between employees and employers are being radically redrawn. The boundaries between permanent and freelance work are blurring. The talent gap in the tech sector continues to widen, and job seekers and companies have different needs.

As a result, today’s IT professionals are concerned about how best to manage and build a successful career in an ever-changing environment where skills must be constantly updated to remain relevant.

Mindquest: the answer to the ever-changing IT and technology world.

For companies and IT managers, it’s about figuring out how to adapt and keep up with this changing landscape while maintaining agility, competitiveness, and a cohesive approach to talent and operations.

Being flexible, keen to learn and adaptable became then the key to success. The technological  IT recruitments must also keep pace with innovation and new horizons.

Therefore, in 2021 Club-Freelance launched Mindquest: the answer to the ever-changing IT and technology world.

Mindquest: a globally integrated talent solutions company with a digital edge

Mindquest: a globally integrated talent solutions company with a digital edge

Drawing on the experience and expertise of Club- Freelance, Mindquest adapts to a borderless IT & Tech world.

With Mindquest, in fact, the company expands its offerings. No longer just a freelance recruitment service in the IT industry, its expertise now includes permanent recruitment and expands support for clients across borders.

But, how to reconcile the two positions and help the global IT industry reach its full potential?

Mindquest likes to think of it as a lifelong journey for both professionals and companies. It is a quest that requires all parties to be in constant motion. To get out of their comfort zone, to make a few mistakes, and to learn to keep moving forward.

Mindquest: value and mission

Mindquest: value and mission

Mindquest offers companies and candidates in the IT sector integral, high-quality recruitment services, combining the speed and convenience of the latest digital tools with a human touch

That is to say, the company matches an innovative digital platform for IT jobs with a dynamic team of recruitment experts who are highly skilled in the IT industry.

More specifically, Mindquest’s unique model is based on approaching each position through a professional duo consisting of an experienced business key account manager and a talent sourcer specializing in the technology stack of the offering.

Mindquest's model
Mindquest’s model

This ensures an agile and deeply experienced-driven hiring process. Moreover, both the company and the candidate receive close, personalized treatment. They deal with a single point of contact as they are assisted at every stage of the process, from onboarding and job search to offboarding.

The company’s mission is to help companies secure the right IT professionals for their technology projects and support IT experts in finding the best career opportunities.

Mindquest’s ambition

Mindquest’s ambition

With offices in London, Paris and Barcelona, Mindquest builds on its previous experience revolutionizing the IT freelancer industry as Club Freelance to help businesses and tech experts across the world be successful and make the global IT industry thrive.

In conclusion, Club-Freelance became Mindquest to bridge the gap between Europe’s most brilliant minds and innovative brands.

Find more about Mindquest recruitment and career services here.


The Ultimate S/4HANA Careers Guide

Download the ultimate S/4HANA Careers Guide.

Why and how you should get up to speed with the newest incarnation of SAP software

As more and more companies are taking business-critical applications off-premises, few applications are more critical than ERP systems. Likewise, the modern enterprise requires data insights and operational efficiency that were simply out of reach for legacy ERP software.

The Ultimate S/4HANA Careers Guide, the program:

  • What exactly is S/4HANNA?
  • Migration Roadmap
  • Different roles within S/4HANA
  • Developing your S/4HANA expertise

Download the ultimate S/4HANA Careers Guide

Certainly, the clock is ticking for companies across the globe to migrate to SAP‘s next-generation ERP suite: S/4HANA.​​

That is to say, with the German company discontinuing official support for its currently most used ERP (ECC6) in 2030, those businesses working with the legacy software must now go through the lengthy and resource-intensive process – and that is great news for you. ​​

Although S/4 is the future of SAP ERP and organizations adopting SAP for the first time are jumping directly into the newer platform, expertise in S/4 remains elusive as many companies are still waiting to carry out the migration. ​​

Therefore, whether you are interested in learning more about S/4HANA or you would like to expand your expertise, these are golden days for SAP specialists. 

In addition, the generational change in both the workforce and SAP’s ERP offers an unparalleled opportunity for consultants and in-house talent alike. 

That is why you should take advantage of it. Develop your S/4 expertise. The rewards will be plentiful.


How to become a CTO, Career Guide

A senior executive who manages an organization’s technical requirements is the chief technology officer (CTO).

Chief Technology Officer, finding your path to the technology leader career

Above all, the CTO is usually a company’s highest-level information technology (IT) specialist. That is to say, they must guarantee that the processes of software , hardware and technology are successful in serving the company’s members and customers.

In all facets of technology, a CTO is required to remain well-versed.

How to become a CTO Career Guide, what will you learn:

  • The role of the CTO
  • Different kinds of CTO
  • The road to the boardroom

Become a CTO Career Guide

Certainly, digital transformation is gradually causing enterprises to become technology firms. Particularly because COVID-19 has taken the pace of such a shift to a whole new level.

Consequently, technology is seen as a strategic tool that can be leveraged to change business models. Therefore, organizations are continually appointing CTOs, with a laser emphasis on investing in new technologies that can provide a competitive edge, to be in charge of the business technology strategy.

In addition, the CTO‘s key figure needs IT professionals who decide to follow this career path to experience a sharp shift in skills, from profoundly technical to managerial, making the job into one of the most difficult positions for a business to find the right match, the person who can carry the hybrid of skills.

That is why a war for talent is currently going on, with businesses vying to find the kind of tech leader and visionary engineer who can bridge the gap in skills needed. So, the market value and potential reward for the CTO is critical, and those who are able to offer the set of hybrid skills will be in an ever-stronger negotiating position.


The IT Job Hunter’s Tool Kit

As new technological and business breakthroughs are constantly updating, so is the list of most desired skills and capabilities. Moreover, the rise of data science, the AI boom and the strong momentum of cloud computing are all setting the agenda for the most in-demand IT skills.

Read the ABC to finding your dream job in tech industry

Certainly, in the ultra-competitive world of technology, finding the right job is not as straightforward as one would wish. As things move fast, with top skills and technologies changing every few months, a constant stream of qualified candidates making it difficult to secure the best jobs out there.

On the other hand, today’s complex environment is also one ripe with opportunities. That is to say, understanding how it works will help you achieve both your professional and personal goals.

The IT Job Hunter’s Tool Kit, a guide to:

  • Identifying the right job for you
  • Building your profile
  • Applying for a job
  • The interview process
  • Onboarding
  • Keeping an eye out for opportunities

Download the IT Job Hunter’s Tool Kit

Technological advancement has its adverse consequences – skill obsolescence is a well-known side effect of progress. However, with new technologies emerging at a growing pace and changing the way businesses operate, the skill gap is rapidly widening.

Not surprisingly, most recruiters cite skills shortage as their top challenge. Moreover, the lack of qualified candidates drives salaries up and empowers those professionals who possess the most desired skills. These candidates become increasingly hard to attract and retain, which, in turn, perpetuates the vicious cycle. That’s good news for tech experts.

Ironically, the same evolutionary speed that often makes IT professionals so valuable and sought-after can be their downfall is nothing is done in response. More so than in other professions, technology experts have the implicit duty to constantly renew themselves in order to remain competitive and grow their careers.


The ultimate Microsoft Technologies Career Guide

The ultimate Microsoft Technologies Career Guide is aimed at connecting the dots and providing a holistic perspective on the MS ecosystem and the various career paths one can take within.

Discover our roadmap for a Technology career success.

The ultimate Microsoft Technologies Career Guide, what will you learn:

  • Microsoft in a few words
  • Principal Technologies and Platforms
  • The different roles within Microsoft
  • Developing your MS expertise

The ultimate Microsoft Technologies Career Guide

Certainly, it was not that long ago that Microsoft seemed on track to take a more secondary role in the future of enterprise technology. As software sales had been sluggish for some time, the company seemed unable to keep up with the pace of innovation of its competitors. Well, things change quickly, especially in IT.

In fact, Microsoft has managed to bounce back in just a few years. Above all, it has delivered its finest OS to date, Windows 10, created then a new line of successful hardware products like the Surface. In other words, it become a top contender in the cloud wars.

As a result, ubiquity, scalability, flexibility and endless possibilities are the words that come to mind when trying to explain what Microsoft (MS) stands for in this day and age.

For this reason, the Redmond, Virginia company is almost everywhere and in everything, connecting the world economy across industries, practices and solutions.

In conclusion, Microsoft is one of the biggest beneficiaries of the current scenario. It is though in an incredibly favorable position thanks to cloud collaboration tools ranging from Azure and Office 365 to Microsoft Teams.

Hence, investing time and resources in developing your Microsoft tech expertise is a solid career bet. And, here is a little roadmap that we hope helps guide you on your journey to personal and professional success.

IT’s Who is Who Job Descriptions Web Developer

Web Development, programming skills and professions

As the term itself suggests, Web Development is about building (developing) the application from scratch for the web. It is therefore about websites, web pages or anything else that runs on the Internet.

Delving a little deeper into IT & Tech terminology, web development refers to the development of programming source code, the creation and organization of databases and markup languages, network protocols, web servers and computer security.

To start with, we will take a look at how to create a website and when it is necessary and recommended to contact a web developer. Furthermore, we will talk about the different specializations of web development.

1. How to create a webste

Wed development - how to create a website

Today, creating a website is not as difficult as it used to be. It is not necessary to have a technical or computer background. To create a dynamic website, it is sufficient to be able to install a CMS (Content Management System) software such as WordPress or Joomla on a hosting space and that’s it.

Consequently, anyone can put a simple website online themselves and manage it easily with a publication control panel.

Although CMS software is a perfect solution for creating a blog or a small web magazine, CMSs are not suitable for the development of more complex websites.

If the website is the front-end interface of other corporate information systems, it still requires design (web engineering) and programming (web development) skills.

According to the company’s needs, computer language professionals work on all the website’s functionalities. They then propose tailor-made solutions to fulfil their mission in the company.

Explore the role of Web developer

1.2 How a website works

A website is a set of hypertext documents and multimedia elements (images, videos, etc.) organized in web pages. In other words, the webmaster uploads the document files onto the web space of a server computer (host) connected to the Internet 24 hours a day.

Today, web developers are increasingly in demand. Indeed, the rapid developments in the IT sector and the digital transformation that all companies must manage have led to a strong demand for new programs, websites and applications. No company can do without a web presence, so it will need an IT professional who can structure and manage it in an appropriate and up-to-date form.

When users (client) connect to the host’s address via their browser, the server sends them the requested hypertext document. In this way, users can navigate between documents on remote computers, even on the other side of the world.

Discover the role of a Web Designer

2 Difference between Internet and Web

Although people use them as synonyms, internet and web are not the same thing. The Internet was born about twenty years before the web. The Internet (network of networks) is the technological infrastructure, while the web (World Wide Web, better known as WWW) is a protocol.

2.1 From web 1.0 to web 2.0

Over the last twenty years, web development has evolved from the first generation to the second ( web 2.0 ). Web 2.0 is the era of social media, social networks and CMSs.

2.2 What is web 3.0?

In the coming years it will further evolve to the third generation ( web 3.0 ) with the spread of intelligent websites with artificial intelligence. It is a technological revolution that has already begun. Just think of chatbots, online virtual assistants and the recent improvements in the use of the Internet.

Another evolving trend is RPA (Robotic Process Automation) that promotes productivity gains through the automation of business processes.

Explore the role of RPA Consultant, highly sought-after profile in today’s business world, particularly in digital services companies.

2.3 Responsive and mobile websites

Web development is no longer just about the PC platform, but multiplatform, because users access the web with different devices, including mobile (e.g. tablets, smartphones, consoles).
Therefore, it is necessary to develop a responsive website that automatically adapts the layout to the device used by the user.

As mobile technology is growing exponentially, so are IT professions related to app development. The role of the Android Developer is to develop applications for all devices that run on this mobile operating system.

Explore the skills needed to position yourself for the booming job role of Android Developer.

3 Frontend & Backend Web Development

Let’s delve a little deeper into the web development field and see how different IT specialized professionals work to develop a website for the internet.

There are two classifications for the Web Development:

  • Frontend Development
  • Backend Development

Frontend Development refers to the part of a website that the user interacts directly. For this reason developers call it the ‘client side’ of the application.

Backend Development is the server side of a website (the part of the website that users cannot see and interact). The portion of software that does not come in direct contact with the users and where developers store and arrange data.

3.1 Who is the Front End Developer

Web development frontend

The front end developer is the IT professional figure who is responsible for creating the graphical interface of a website or web portal, inserting the elements in the page, styling them (colours / fonts) and animating them.

Furthermore, in the modern web, the front end developer is also responsible for:

  • interacting with the back-end (to which it sends and from which it receives information to be displayed within the web page);
  • developing the logic of what happens in the interface.

What follow is a roadmap with a brief description of the languages and tools involved in the development of the front end.

  • HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is used to design the front end of web pages using markup language. It acts as a skeleton for a website, as it is used to make the structure of a website.
  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) affectionately called CSS, is a language designed simply to simplify the process of making web pages presentable. It is used to style our website.
  • JavaScript is a scripting language used to provide dynamic behaviour to our website.
  • Bootstrap is a collection of free and open-source tools for creating responsive websites and web applications. It is the most popular CSS framework for developing responsive and mobile-first websites. Nowadays, websites are perfect for all browsers (IE, Firefox and Chrome) and all screen sizes (Desktops, Tablets, Phablets and Phones).

With the appearance of new frameworks, the professions around web development are more and more specific and a large number of professionals specialize in a particular technology. Among the different possible specializations is the front-end developer AngularJS.

Learn more about AngularJS Developer skills

3.2 Who is the Back End Developer

Web development backend

On the other hand, the back end developer deals with the structure of a website or web application. Back-end developers take care of the functioning of the site and the management of the data they need to process.

What is important is to know the basic functioning of most languages and to choose one according to its particularities. Rather than talking about languages, let’s talk about the tools that developers use to implement the functionalities of a site.

As before, here is a roadmap of the back-end development tools.

  • PHP is a server-side scripting language designed specifically for web development.
  • Java is one of the most popular and widely used programming language. It is highly scalable.
  • Python is a programming language that lets you work quickly and integrate systems more efficiently.
  • Node.js is an open source and cross-platform runtime environment for executing JavaScript code outside a browser.
  • Back End Frameworks are: Express, Django, Rails, Laravel, Spring, etc

C is a general-purpose language from the 70s, and it is still in use in systems programming and robotics. C++ was born in the 1980s. It is the language of choice for those looking for performance, as it can execute complex code very fast. It is used for the design of mobile applications, the programming of operating systems or video games. Moreover, in the creation of certain military programs.

What to know more about the role of C/C++ Developer?

3.3 Back-End programmer skills

Web development back-end programmer skills

Read our Back-End Developer detailed job description

The skills of the backend programmer are:

  • Back-end languages (PHP, Python, Java, C#, .Net etc.);
  • Databases, where developers store the data they need to manage. The types of database is versatile and adapt to the needs of the system;
  • Server, it is important for a backend developer to be able to take care of the online appearance of the site and its maintenance.

There are many specialties and languages in the field of web development, including Swift, Node.js, React.js or Ruby.
Ruby is a free object-oriented and multi-paradigm programming language that is easy to understand and pleasant to use.

Discover the role of the Ruby developer.

4. What the Full Stack Developer does

web development full stack

What characterizes the full stack developer is the ability to develop both the front end and the back end of a website. The knowledge of the full stack developer includes everything that characterizes the two types of developers we have seen above.

An IT professional capable of dealing with the structure of web pages, their styling, animations, creating data structures, designing databases and implementing site functionality. Full Stack developers are familiar with all languages: HTML, CSS, JavaScript, PHP, Python, etc.

Despite this vast knowledge, it is very difficult for such professionals to develop a website completely on their own. In fact, their task is mainly to collaborate with front and back end developers and support them in the realization of particular functionalities.

5. Programming languages for creating a website

As we have seen in the different specializations of web development, a programming language is a computer language used by programmers to communicate with computers. It is a set of instructions written in a specific language to perform a specific task.

In conclusion, this is a list of the most widely programming languages used by the industries :

  • HTML language
  • PHP language
  • ASP language
  • Javascript language
  • Java language
  • Python language
  • CSS style sheets
  • C language
  • C++ language
  • C# language
  • R language
  • Go language
  • Ruby language
  • Swift

The IT professional that translate a graphic language into a computer language is the HTML integrator. By assembling the different elements of a website, the HTML integrator makes sure that they are aligned with the desired aesthetic and maintain a practical design.

Delve deeper into the role of the HTML integrator

Some languages are gaining importance with the evolution of the semantic web, including: Open Graph Markup. Very useful to explain the content’s context of a page and gain control of the snippets.

6. Web Development and Cybersecurity Best Practices

IT professionals involved in Web Development need to have a good understanding of the importance of digital hygiene and web safety. In order to avoid common website security attacks, it is crucial to follow the highest cybersecurity standards across the development cycle.

Some cybersecurity good practices to put in place are as follows:

  • Ensure that the development team has attended cybersecurity training.
  • Set up a web application firewall (WAF).
  • Use parameterized statements in SQL tests.
  • Keep all security platforms and applications up to date.
  • Partition user data away from API file systems.

These good cybersecurity practices will help reduce human error (which contributes to an estimated 85% of data breaches). They will also increase the quality of applications.

Making cybersecurity a priority throughout every development cycle is therefore necessary to to battle the flood of digital attacks that threaten the modern web.

Find your next web developer mission

IT’s Who is Who Job Descriptions Project Manager

Scrum Master: Job Description

The term Scrum comes from rugby. The job of Scrum Master is similar to the position of scrum half. The Scrum Master is responsible for pushing the others in the right direction by promoting team unity and communicating with the outside world, especially management. The Scrum Master therefore acts as a guide to help and facilitate the work of the team, with a view to improvement and adaptation.

Scrum Master: the job

Implementation of the Scrum method

The Scrum Master is responsible for ensuring that the Scrum method is implemented correctly throughout his assignment with a client. Scrum is an agile method dedicated to project management which allows to improve the productivity of a team. It corresponds to an organisation in which a team focuses on customer feedback with regard to 3 pillars. Transparency, control and adaptation.

Training of the team

One of the roles of the Scrum Master is to ensure that the Scrum method is applied by his team throughout the mission. To do this, he is in charge of transmitting the essential principles of the method. He also ensures that communication, productivity, and the transmission of information to the people concerned are easy within his team.

Analysis of obstacles and problem management

He is also responsible for analysing any obstacles that could divert the team from the objectives to be achieved or slow them down in their work. He must also identify and provide solutions to the various problems that may arise during the mission.

Drafting of progress reports

Writing progress reports such as burndown charts or burnups and communicating with the customer or management are also part of a Scrum master’s job.

Scrum Master: skills required

Mastery of the Method

The mastery of the Scrum agile method is of course the main skill to have. He must be able to ensure its good practice during his mission.

Humility and empathy

He must see himself as an equal to the members of his team. Because, he has no hierarchical responsibility over the team members. He should be able to guide the team members but not impose himself. Everyone must be able to participate in the decisions.

Pedagogy and communication skills

In order to facilitate the work of all the members of his team during the mission, the scrum master must develop a good sense of communication and demonstrate pedagogy. In fact, in order to ensure that the mission is carried out correctly, he must be able to communicate, listen and motivate each member of the team.

Technical knowledge

For a Scrum Master, perfect knowledge of the application domain or technical expertise are not necessary skills. However, having knowledge of one and/or the other will make his role easier to fulfil. Indeed, he will be able to dialogue more easily with the technical team.


A typical Scrum team is usually composed of 6 to 10 people. But only the Scrum Master is responsible for the application of the Scrum method. He is an integral part of the team and can occasionally participate in the work, such as the content of the sprints, with the rest of the members of his team. However, his or her involvement should be limited, as coordination, internal communication, analysis and problem solving is a role that the Scrum Master must perform full time.

Digital service companies and web agencies that handle projects for clients using agile methods are the main employers of Scrum Masters.


The average daily rate of a Scrum Master is 410 € – 620 € depending on the experience and the company in which the Scrum Master’s mission takes place.

He can also progress to positions such as Product Owner or Project Manager.

Training and education

This profession requires above all the mastery of Scrum on a theoretical and practical level. To do this, this professional generally follows an in-depth and structured training course on Scrum which ideally leads to a Scrum master certification.

Good technical knowledge will enable him to integrate and interact with his team members. It is therefore interesting for a Scrum Master to have a background in IT / Computer Science.

Find a Scrum Master mission

Also discover our job descriptions: VoIP Engineer and IT Vendor Manager

Hiring an IT consultant IT Decision-makers Tips & Tricks

How to manage the onboarding of IT contractors in 5 steps

Onboarding is the set of actions implemented by the company to integrate its new employees. It corresponds to welcoming and integrating new recruited professionals, as well as investing in their internal career development. We often talk about onboarding for employees, but still little for external resources, such as IT freelancers. And yet, they are often called upon for strategic, long and customer-based assignments. It is important to manage onboarding well, cause a good onboarding system is therefore crucial for the success of their mission! It is therefore important for managing a freelancer to pay particular attention to onboarding.

But how do you properly manage the onboarding of an IT freelancer to get the mission of your tech or IT freelancer off to the best possible start? How to manage onboarding at the beginning of a consultant’s mission?

Discover in our article what are the best practices for managing the onboarding of an IT freelancer.

Why caring about onboarding?

Why take care of the onboarding of IT freelancers? Onboarding management is crucial at the start of a freelancer’s mission. Indeed, setting up a clear internal process can be very beneficial to gain in efficiency and optimize the simultaneous reception of several profiles. As a company, it is essential to establish a clear process for the onboarding of IT freelancers who come to carry out assignments within your company. Because if you have a clear and effective onboarding process, the freelancer will have all the elements in hand to be operational as quickly as possible and start his freelance mission well.

The onboarding of a consultant makes it possible to create a link with the IT freelancer and to lay the foundations for good communication. In addition, the onboarding period makes it possible to ensure that objectives are set and follow-up with the IT freelancer. Finally, the onboarding process will have the effect of involving and retaining the freelancer from the start.

Discover also our article: How to Manage the Offboarding of IT Contractors in 7 Steps !

How to properly manage the onboarding of an IT freelancer?

1. Upstream of the mission

Have you just recruited an IT freelancer? First, to properly manage onboarding, remember to check that the freelancer you have chosen is registered with the Business Formalities Center (CFE) (remember to ask them for a K-bis extract). You must also carry out the control of the obligations of declaration and payment of the social security contributions of the freelancer. Ask for a certificate of vigilance for this. Once these two elements have been verified, you can draft and have the freelancer sign the service contract (or subcontracting if you go through an intermediary). If necessary, you can also provide specific additional contracts such as a confidentiality agreement. Remember at this time to check that the freelancer has the necessary insurance, such as professional liability insurance (RC Pro) which is often essential. Finally define the terms of payment and provide timesheets if necessary.

2. Just before the start of the mission

Just before the start of the mission, it is important to warn all the teams of the arrival of the freelancer. Make sure you explain the scope of the IT professional mission to them. Also make sure to prepare before the arrival of the freelancer the material that will be made available to the new professional in the event that he/she will use the company’s resources. Also ask that their computer access be created prior to their arrival.

It is also a good idea to plan a phone call with the freelancer before the start of their assignment or to send them a comprehensive email with all the useful information for the first day. In fact, if the freelancer comes to work on your premises, it is important to give him/her a certain amount of information such as working hours, what equipment is required or made available. But also what the access or security constraints are, in which department they will be installed and which teams they will have to interact with. Communicating all these elements to the freelancer before he/she arrives will allow a more serenely at start at your company.

3. Ensure the onboarding of the freelancer on the first day of the mission

On the first day of the mission, it is important to give the freelancer a program for his or her first week. You should also give him/her all the materials he/she will need (computer, access badge, etc.). Plan a briefing with the freelancer on company culture, rules, team organization… Also give the freelancer all the technical documentation he needs for his mission from day one. Finally, introduce the freelancer to the whole team. This is necessary to get the consultant’s mission off to a good start.

4. The days following the first day of freelancing

The days following the first day of the start of the freelance mission, organize an individual interview with him/her to set the objectives. Also remember to organize contacts with the key interlocutors for its mission. Throughout the onboarding period, encourage the freelancer to ask as many questions as possible. To improve contact you can also plan a lunch with the freelancer if possible.

5. And after the onboarding of the freelancer?

At the end of the freelance onboarding period, start taking stock. In some cases, especially if the project is still at the ideation stage, a few days of audit may be necessary to allow the consultant to better understand all the parameters and then participate in the scoping. Then set up at this time the framework for monitoring the mission (reporting, weekly, monthly meetings, etc.). Remember to ask the freelancer for his/her feedback about the onboarding to make sure he or she has all the keys in hand. But also to improve this process with a view to integrating future freelancers.

The expert opinion of Thomas Delfort, former DSI and co-founder of Mindquest:

“As for a recruitment of a CDI type profile, the onboarding process of an independent consultant within a tech or IT team is extremely important. A well-executed welcome will allow a quick and efficient handling of the subjects. The goal is for the freelancer to be operational as quickly as possible, and to be in optimal conditions to be efficient in his mission.”

Do you know that the offboarding of an IT consultant is just as important as their onboarding? Indeed, companies are generally concerned with taking care of the onboarding of their employees, but sometimes neglect the last step. The stage where the employee leaves the company for new professional opportunities. Find out why it is important to take care of the offboarding of your IT consultant. But also how to properly manage the offboarding of an IT consultant in 7 steps.

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IT’s Who is Who Job Descriptions Web Developer

Web developer: Job Description

Professionals in computer languages, the web developers work on all the functionalities of a website. From a set of specifications, they analyze the different needs of the company in which they carries out their mission. They then propose a tailor-made solution. Discover in our job description below their missions, skills, training and salary.

Web developer: the job

The Web developers intervenes on the technical functionalities of the site of the company in which they carries out their mission. The sectors of activity in which it operates can be very varied: transport, insurance, trade, etc.
In the company, they are functionally attached to the technical project manager.

Technical analysis

When starting a mission in a new company, the first task of the web developers is to fully understand the needs and specifications of their client. It first lists the features requested in the specifications; then lists the existing solutions and checks for each feature whether or not it exists in the listed solutions. This initial work allows them to provide their opinion to the client on the most relevant technical solution to be implemented. They can then choose to completely build the site or decide to use an already existing solution. Such as Framework or CMS (Content Management System).

Website design

After the technical analysis, the web developer must design the website while respecting the specifications. The visual and technical architecture as well as the database of the site are determined during this stage.

Website programming

During the programming phase, they respect good practices and chooses the language used in the case where the site is fully developed. If it is built from an already existing solution, They make changes and adaptations to the solution that has been retained.

Testing and validation

After programming, the developers enter a testing and validation phase. They will be in charge of testing each functionality of the site as well as their good functionality between them. They will then have to validate all the expected functionalities and conduct validation tests.

Technical support and technology watch

The last step of the mission consists in following the evolution of the site created over time. It will be necessary to correct any problems and troubleshoot users. In addition, technologies are changing rapidly. It will be necessary to ensure the sustainability of the solutions implemented on the site; and, why not make them evolve with new programming languages, if necessary.

Web developer : skills required

Mastery of languages used for web development

To exercise this profession, it is essential to master the programming languages PHP, Ruby on Rails, Node.js, SQL, Java, ASP… You must also know how to use CMS and Framework tools, but also code editing tools.

Capacity for continuous self-training

The Internet and programming languages are changing rapidly. A good web developer must therefore be able to self-train on new programming concepts; on developments or new languages; and also on developments or new technical solutions (CMS and framework).


For some missions the web developers work alone. They must therefore be able to exercise they profession independently.


The web developer must be creative when designing a website.


The job of web developer has a bright future. Indeed, since its invention, the internet continues to evolve. Pushing the limits of creativity and development capabilities. Many companies do not have the skills or the personnel necessary to guarantee their effective presence on the Internet. They are therefore looking for web developer profiles.

After having worked on various projects, this professional can progress to the function of technical director and supervise several web developers. They can also move towards functions such as web technical project manager; IT Project Manager; webmaster; web architect; architect S.I.

Their average daily rate depends on several parameters such as their experience and specialty. It is between 350€ and 450€ per day.

Training and education of the Web developer

The best is to enter a training course delivering a bac +5 level diploma (specialized masters, engineering schools, masters in computer science, etc.). However, companies recruit web developers with varying levels of education.

Following a school education allows you to understand the structure of computer languages. But the future web developer will have to stay on constant watch to stay up to date.

Discover all the web development programming skills and professions

Find a Web developer mission

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